Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio: Definition, Formula & Examples

Find the total sales for each year and the total value of all annual outstanding accounts. Further, if your business is cyclical, your ratio may be skewed simply by the start and endpoint of your accounts receivable average. Compare it to Accounts Receivable Aging — a report that categorizes AR by the length of time an invoice has been outstanding — to see if you are getting an accurate AR turnover ratio. The allowance for doubtful accounts is a company’s estimate of the amount of the accounts receivable it anticipates will not be collectible and will need to be recorded as a write-off. The two main methods for estimating the allowance for doubtful accounts are the percentage of sales method and the accounts receivable aging method.

What is the average net receivables of a loan?

Average Net Receivables means, for any Billing Period, the sum of the aggregate Indebtedness for all Accounts (other than Defaulted Accounts) for each day during such period divided by the number of days in such period.

For example, if a company estimates that 2% of its sales are never going to be paid, net receivables equal 98% (100% – 2%) of the accounts receivable (AR). Keeping up with your accounts receivable is key to maximizing cash flow and identifying opportunities for financial growth and improvement. Average net receivables In being proactive and persistent in ensuring that debts owed are paid in a timely fashion, businesses can boost the efficiency, reputability and profitability of their financial endeavors. While convenient for both businesses and their customers, there is an expected amount of risk.

Step 2: Calculate Net Accounts Receivable

The concept is used in a number of liquidity ratios, and is intended to smooth out any unusual spikes or drops in the ending receivables balance in the current period. Companies use net receivables to measure the effectiveness of their collections process. Maintaining a good ratio track record also makes you and your company more attractive to lenders, so you can raise more capital to expand your business or save for a rainy day. But there are variances in how well companies manage collections from that point forward. In addition, a company’s net receivables are highly subject to general economic conditions.

Average net receivables

Tracking the turnover over time can help you improve your collection processes and forecast your future cash flow. Your banker will want to see this track to determine the bank’s risk since accounts receivables are often used as collateral. A higher accounts receivable turnover ratio will be considered a better lending risk by the banker. Working toward and attaining financial security requires businesses to understand their accounts receivable turnover ratio.

Limitations of the Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

A low receivable turnover may be caused by a loose or nonexistent credit policy, an inadequate collections function, and/or a large proportion of customers having financial difficulties. A low turnover level could also indicate an excessive amount of bad debt and therefore an opportunity to collect excessively old accounts receivable that are unnecessarily tying up working capital. Like most business measures, there is a limit to the usefulness of the accounts receivable turnover ratio. For example, grocery stores usually have high ratios because they are cash-heavy businesses, so AR turnover ratio is not a good indication of how well the store is managed overall. If it dips too low, it’s an indication that you need to tighten your credit policies and increase collection efforts. If it swings too high, you may be too aggressive on credit policies and collections and curbing your sales unnecessarily.

Average net receivables

The ratio is used to evaluate the ability of a company to efficiently issue credit to its customers and collect funds from them in a timely manner. He is always short-handed and overworked, so he invoices customers whenever he can grab a free hour or two. Even though Ron’s customers generally pay on time, his accounts receivable ratio is 3.33 because of his sporadic invoicing and irregular invoice due dates. Ron’s account receivables are turning into bankable cash about three times a year, meaning it takes about four months for him to collect on any invoice. A high accounts receivable turnover ratio can indicate that the company is conservative about extending credit to customers and is efficient or aggressive with its collection practices. It can also mean the company’s customers are of high quality, and/or it runs on a cash basis.

Example of the Accounts Receivable Turnover Ratio

Additionally, a low ratio can indicate that the company is extending its credit policy for too long. It can sometimes be seen in earnings management, where managers offer a very long credit policy to generate additional sales. Due to the time value of money principle, the longer a company takes to collect on its credit sales, the more money a company effectively loses, or the less valuable are the company’s sales. Therefore, a low or declining accounts receivable turnover ratio is considered detrimental to a company. Tracking your accounts receivable turnover will help you identify opportunities for improvements in your policies to shore up your bottom line.

How do you find the average net receivables?

For example, if we want to calculate average net receivables from Year 1 to Year 2, we would take the net receivable balance on December 31, Year 1, add the net receivable balance on December 31, Year 2, and then divide the sum by two. You'll often see net receivable used in liquidity or working capital ratios.